The persimmon (kaki, persimmon) fruit is known by the scientific name Diospyros and belongs to the Abanasi family. According to some botanical researchers, it was first introduced in China, Japan, and Korea. The persimmon tree is considered a permanent green tree. Produces products from the age of 4 or 5 and starts commercial production from about 10 years of age. It lives between 50 and 225 years. The best varieties for producing persimmon fruit are ordinary Chinese persimmon. Most persimmon species produce fruit in two ways: fruiting and pollination. Pristine fruit meat is lighter and fatter than seed-bearing fruits (born with pollination). Prickly persimmon fruit is tasty but also able to grow after harvest. Fruits are considered to be of higher quality than fruit-bearing fruits.
Italian persimmon: This persimmon is as yellow as a cherry. The fruit taste sour after it arrives.
Verginic persimmon: It has glossy, elongated leaves and is known in Iran as persimmon (this persimmon is used as a base for common persimmon transplant).
Ordinary persimmon: Its fruit is red and medium to large.
Environmental conditions of persimmon tree:
Persimmon is considered as a subtropical fruit. If late spring colds occur, one-year-old shoots can damage and damage this plant. Persimmon resistance to cold is not more than -10 degrees. It has been found that some persimmon have a cold tolerance of up to about 18 degrees Celsius. Persimmon buds require a temperature below 7 ° C (100 to 400 h).
Suitable soil for persimmon planting:
The soil on which persimmon is planted should be drainage, lightweight and impermeable because these soils are better for persimmon growth than moist, non-drained soils. You can use this link to read all about persimmon article.
Climate suitable for persimmon planting:
That persimmon does not like moist soil should not make you think persimmon is dry. Rather, persimmon does not accept drought at all and is sensitive to it, so you must water it regularly during the warm seasons. On the other hand, irrigation more than necessary during the growing season causes the fruits to fall.
Appropriate interval for planting persimmon:
The best distance for persimmon trees is five to six meters.
Suitable Persimmon Plant Fertilizer:
Persimmon does not need a lot of nutrients and no fertilizers are needed in areas where plant and animal fertilizers are available. But if you don’t have animal and plant fertilizer available, you can combine and use “N-P-K” fertilizers as “10-10-10”. The best time to fertilize is late winter and early spring.
Use rotten manure.
Surface plowing is better.
Planting and propagating persimmon tree:
Persimmon is usually planted sexually. Ninety percent of persimmon trees are planted through the persimmon seed (virgin persimmon is virgin persimmon) in such a way that they harvests persimmon and collect their seeds. In late December and early January, the seeds are harvested and planted in a compact manner. You can use this link to buy persimmon seeds. After the cold and frost, the seed germinates and leaves the soil. In the first year of planting, the seedlings grow and the next year in March (fall season) in the second nursery. Finally, in the third year, they undergo abdominal transplantation approximately in the spring. The buds can be moved to the main garden at the end of the third year and in March. If you want to grow persimmon, you can buy the seedling from certain stores. It is very difficult to produce the seedling, which makes the seedlings expensive.
For planting persimmon fruit you should note a few things:
It is best to plant your persimmon for about 15 March because planting it earlier may cause the seedling to frost.
Deep and superficial planting of the seedling can damage it.
Never give your fertilizer or animal fertilizer until about a year after planting.
Water it once after planting and do not water it until it sprouts.
Pruning, shaping, and trimming should be done from year two and within two to three years.
Notice that the one-year-old shoots bear fruit in the fall season. If you want to do pruning, do not cut the previous year’s shoots.
Reduce persimmon irrigation in spring and summer.